Mr. Wang wrestles very large and ancient trees from the mountains, cuts them back dramatically, and then brings them to his small patch of ground. "fragrant osmanthus"; Chinese: 桂花, guìhuā, and 木樨, mùxī; Cantonese Yale: gwai fā; Shanghainese: kue ho ; Japanese: 木犀, mokusei; Hindi: सिलंग, silang), variously known as sweet osmanthus, sweet olive, tea olive, and fragrant olive, is a species native to Asia from the Himalayas through southern China (Guizhou, Sichuan and Yunnan) to Taiwan, southern Japan and Southeast Asia as far south as Cambodia and Thailand. Osmanthus Menu During one of my visits in 2004, I was invited by scientist Xiang Qibai of the Nanjing Forestry University to participate in the first International Sweet Osmanthus conference in Shanghai, China in early October, 2004. We can do Crepe Myrtle, Jasmine, summer Magnolia, and all the other things that won’t grow here. aurantiacus are unmistakable, smothering the neatly trimmed bushes at the roadside. Although relatively new to British gardens, sweet olives have been cultivated in China for over 2,500 years, and are still an important part of the culture there. Xiang’s work is legend. Tourists flock to gawk at their size and glory. It’s no wonder then that Osmanthus fragrans is used so extensively in China for public landscaping. Time is an interesting thing to a Chinese businessman – ancient trees are an investment. After all, China is home to a long history with the plant and harbors most of the world’s ancient germplasm of the species. It is ideal for tea lovers that prefer a fresh, green oolong quality and refined, floral balance to the brew. It’s the latter that’s attracted the plant hunter’s eye, for it’s this group that finds the orange and orange-red flowers. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. In the last twenty years, an effort has been made to preserve the species in China and select superior cultivars. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. September 18, 2017. Synonyms: Olea fragrans, Olea ovalis, Osmanthus longibracteatus, Osmanthus macrocarpus. Olea fragrans Thunberg ex Murray, Syst. Mmmm, I can smell them from here! Description from Flora of China. When I inquired about the “name” I learned he called it, ‘Yin Bian Cai Ye Gui’ which simply refers to it as a colorful leaf version. Scientific name: Osmanthus fragrans. An excellent poet. Cochinch. I can offer you 2 suggestions at wild extremes. For all these reasons above, I think of osmanthus as a “saffron of China” Here is a spritzer, that we recently had for bbq party: 50 ml London Dry Gin 15 ml Lillet Blanc 50 ml Osmanthus … ( Log Out / Good enough for me. Also called sweet olive or tea olive, the osmanthus fragrans flower has the mandarin name gui hua (桂花) and is one of the reputed 10 traditional flowers of China. The 2004 conference included one day of talks from international and Chinese lecturers and then, best of all, two days of touring gardens in Shuzhou and Hangzhou famous for the species. —Song Zhiwen, Tang Dynasty When osmanthus flowers exude their fragrance in autumn, it beckons one to remember the legend of the osmanthus tree on the moon that shades the moon goddess’s palace. In fact quite the reverse. I really enjoy reading this. The fragrance in a confined space would be superb. In the warmer parts of China, the plant continues to bloom non-stop throughout the winter to spring. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. 14, 57. ( Log Out / Learn how your comment data is processed. 4 Healthy Osmanthus Tea Recipes. The scent that greats me on my return to London is rain on tarmac and damp leaves. Another city, Guilin (translated as ‘forest of sweet osmanthus’) is named after the numerous sweet olives which can be found there. But in Hangzhou, one of northern China’s more elegant and green cities, the autumn air is now delicately infused with the smell of ripe peaches. In fact, during October when the species is at its best, over ten Chinese cities honor the plant with a wide variety of special holidays. Holds her ground to the point of being stubborn. I so enjoy it. You should add only a teaspoon of Osmanthus flowers to make Osmanthus tea. You may find it as a dried tea, in syrup for baking Chinese desserts, or as a flavoring in wine for braised … Having been collected in South China the plant did not take well to the English weather and failed to flower well. A surname. In this case, it didn’t take me long to see the small grafted variegated trees in the nursery. Thank you for visiting and I hope you like what you find. campus: on bank northeast of Withycombe Hall. Veg. Unnamed variety seen at Yong Feng Nursery near Ninghai, China in June 2016, Osmanthus fragrans ‘Qiannan Guifei’, Yong Feng Nursery, Ninghai, China, June 2016. Osmanthus fragrans (lit. ( Log Out / Even moving at speed along the expressways of Taizhou, the pale orange flowers of Osmanthus fragrans var. In the mix of things, there are reports of many “colorful” leaf forms with some sporting red to burgundy to pink new growth. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Trees or shrubs 3-5(-10) m, glabrous. Sweet osmanthus is known under various names such as osmanthus fragrans, tea olive, sweet olive, and fragrant olive. Siringe Related Objects : Flora of China : Illustration: Illustration I didn’t because Chinese jails are reported as Spartan and I’m timid about things like that. Until that happens, southern nurserymen and landscapers are encouraged to take a new look at an old friend, the sweet smelling sweet olive. Osmanthus fragrans (photo Apalachee Hills landscape) All osmanthus species are related to the olive, so the common name is appropriate. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. It rests alone in the valley and when in bloom on a still early morning the entire valley is filled with its magic. The flowers of O. fragrans are used throughout East Asia for their scent and flavour, which is likened to apricot and peach. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Osmanthus found its way into alcohol in form of wine that is associated with the Mid-Autumn festival. With the grand scale of development in China it’s not surpising that many ancient sweet olives have found themselves in the way. In June 2012, I visited a very small nursery near Chang Jie village, Ninghai county, Ningbo city in Zhejiang province in southeastern China. Keep in mind that sweet olives are one of the ten “traditional flowers of China” and this is a species planted in the millions. In plant-hunting circles, one of the treasures yet to say hello in southern horticulture is the elusive red-flowered form of sweet olive, Osmanthus fragrans. Osmanthus Rockridge Menu - View the Menu for Osmanthus Oakland on Zomato for Delivery, Dine-out or Takeaway, Osmanthus menu and prices. In paper art style with its Chinese name on big round lantern, rabbits and osmanthus design elements Mid-autumn festival poster. My recent aquire of three osmanthus fragrans var. Professors Xiang Qibai and Liu Yulian, Nanjing Forestry University, are coauthors of the Illustrated Monograph of the Sweet Osmanthus Cultivars in China – June 12, 2016. The Chinese name for this cultivar is 'Yue Yue Hong' (meaning "monthly red") and is a cultivar from Guangxi province. Native to China and enjoying a wide range, there are many old patriarchs over 1000 years old. In China, old sweet olive trees ( 桂花 ) are revered, signed and interpreted, and given holy attendance. Common names: Tea Olive, Fragrant Olive, Sweet Olive, Kinmokusei in Japan. Botanical Name: Osmanthus fragrans Osmanthus, also known as sweet olive, is one of the ten most known flowers in China. It is also widely planted in … All osmanthus species are related to the olive, so the common name is appropriate. Osmanthus yunnanensis in the Ruby Mize Garden – January 18, 2012. There’s a lot of that in China, and sweet olive is part of that effort. With a distinct creamy white leaf margin surrounding a light green center and new growth featuring a pinkish-mauve tone, I was quite taken. Let me know which you decide: http://www.paramountplants.co.uk/plant/OSMANTHUSF/osmanthus-fragrans.html, http://www.chilternseeds.co.uk/item_931b_osmanthus_fragrans_seeds, Hi I love the sweet olive flower. aurantiacus is the orange-flowered form that one can find occasionally in the landscapes of the South and it’s a treasure when it reaches peak bloom and fragrance. ( Log Out / I am The Frustrated Gardener and this is my blog. In Chinese herbal medicine a tea made from sweet olive bark is used to treat boils and carbuncles, whilst the essential oil is considered to have insect-repelling properties. Osmanthus fragrans naturally occurs in the Eastern Himalaya, through China and into Taiwan and southern Japan, but is now widely planted throughout the warmer parts of Asia, the USA and Europe. Add flour, yeast and water to form a smooth dough. It’s unique appearance and refreshing taste has garnered a huge follower over decades of cultivation and consumption. He then nurses them back to health for resale as a large ball and burlap tree to other nurseries, to some of the rich businessmen in the region, or to city parks. Flower fragrance is held in high esteem, and I was told that with some varieties, only two flowers floating in a tea cup were needed to fill a small closed room with fragrance. delavayi : after Abbè Jean Marie Delavay (1838-95), French missionary in China who introduced it to France in 1890. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Fragrances just as evocative, but that would not fetch a great sum in the hotel gift shops of Hong Kong. Osmanthus flowers have a concentrated flavor. If so, please let me know and consider subscribing so that you don't miss out on my future trials and tribulations. Osmanthus fragrans var. Osmanthus Oolong is a fragrant green oolong infused with osmanthus flowers. Chinese Symbol Character For Sweet osmanthus, Everything About It and 800 PLUS SYMBOLS. Welcome! Origin: China. The most ancient plant known in China rests comfortably in the grounds of the Shengshui Temple, Nanzheng County, Shannxi Province and is over 2100 years old. Osmanthus Oolong is a fragrant green oolong infused with osmanthus flowers. I soon learned there was a catch to my visit. In the south of England a warm wall might offer enough winter protection, otherwise a cool conservatory might be a better choice. My colleagues in China told me about a particularly delicious desert made by stuffing a lotus root full of of sticky rice and glazing it with osmanthus jam. Osmanthus: from Greek osme, fragrance, and anthos, flowers. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. While never destined for the mass market, it boasts good fragrance and growth rate. Osmanthus fragrans Lour., ; Fl. Osmanthus fragrans has been in cultivation in China for over 2000 years, well before it was ever introduced into the west in 1856. Sweet olive is not a small shrub or tree, reaching 12 metres in time. Plant Portraits: Osmanthus fragrans (Guìhuā (桂花) or Sweet Olive), http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/1450/#b, Geranium palmatum versus Geranium maderense, How to Grow Ornamental Gingers in UK Gardens. In terms of popularity, sweet olive has a long way to go in the USA. Well, that seemed easy enough but I thought my knowledge the subject might be more or less summed up in a minute or two. Ancient sweet olives are status symbols and the rich Chinese will spend thousands, tens of thousands and even hundreds of thousands of dollars to own a specimen tree. It is customary in Hong Kong for 5 star hotels to have a house fragrance, pumped into lobbies in heady clouds and sold at great expense in the gift shop. ( Log Out / A beloved tea with a lovely scent and flavor it can also be used medicinally to promote healthy skin, lower blood pressure, counter stress, and reduce inflammation. I’m quite excited about doing my daughter’s landscape in her new house in Alabama. For more of a showy plant, track down the the orange-flowered variant, Osmanthus fragrans var. Whether or not a true red exists in culture or in the wild is the stuff of legend, rumors and innuendo. For those who, like me, enjoy a bit of latin, the name osmanthus is derived from the Greek ‘osma’, meaning fragrant, and ‘anthos’, meaning flower. ed. Try it at: The wine is common in the southern Chinese city of Guilin, whose name literally means "Forest of Osmanthus." Traditional Chinese medicine, recommends osmanthus tea for pregnant women. We can’t grow evergreens like that in Chicago. I looked up Sweet Olive and Birmingham, Alabama just squeaks by with USDA Zone 7B http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/1450/#b . However, they are never rooted as they are “weak” on their own roots and need a big tree to push the top to good size. The choice depends on how patient you are prepared to be! The life and loves of a time-poor plantsman. I had to deliver a presentation on “The Status and Use of Osmanthus fragrans in Southern USA Landscapes”. I ran across a form with contorted branches in Suzhou China. The most exciting recent introduction into the USA is ‘Fudingzhu’, or more popularly known as ‘Nanjing Beauty’. It is made of glutinous millet flour, soybean powder, sweetened bean paste, sugar, brown sugar or sweet red bean paste, sesame oil and osmanthus. By the way, about that link to Dave’s Garden… On the forums, I have posted pictures of unknown obscure plants, and people have identified them amazingly fast! Small stub grafts are stuck in the early spring, wrapped thoroughly and the take is “OK”. aurantiacus, a plant your neighbours are very unlikely to have. Osmanthus fragrans has been in cultivation in China for over 2000 years, well before it was ever introduced into the west in 1856. These trees are dug, relocated, cut back, and given special attention for a decade or more before finding a permanent home. aurantiacus led me to this writing. Osmanthus or guìhuā in Manadarin (桂花), is a sweet, fragrant flower native to East Asia. This famous traditional tree is dotted by a large number of yellow clusters and grows naturally in southern China. The flowers on those Sweet Olives are so delicately beautiful. Not sure if I have ever seen those. How to make osmanthus buns Step1. ( Log Out / He is a Professor, Doctorate tutor of Botany and Landscape Plants of Nanjing Forestry University, Director of Research Centre of Osmanthus, N.F.U., and the Vice President, Sweet Osmanthus Branch of Chinese Flower Association. Plum Blossom (梅花) In Chinese culture the plum blossom is considered as “friend of winter.” It … It was a Portuguese Jesuit missionary named João de Loureiro who first formally identified Osmanthus fragrans in around 1790, at the same time the first specimen arrived at Kew Gardens. . aurantiacus (photo Il Giardino). ( Log Out / Change ). ( Log Out / The white form of Osmanthus fragrans is available from Burncoose Nurseries in Cornwall. burkwoodii : after Burkwood and Shipwith nursery in England, the raisers. Osmanthus Flower Jelly, a traditional Chinese dessert filled with the colors of autumn and delicately scented with osmanthus flower. 1: 29 (1790). Thank you for the beautiful blog and amazing, professional quality pictures and tantalizing descriptions. I’ve seen O. fragrans ‘Zhusha Dangui’ in a sweet olive garden near Suzhou, China with flowers just a bit spent, but reddish orange enough to drive me to fighting the urge to liberate a cutting. According to the reference, An Illustrated Monograph of the Sweet Osmanthus Cultivars in China, the cultivar name in Chinese is translated as "Heaven Fragrance Duplicate," indicating the intense fragrance of its flowers. aurantiacus – Oct 17, 2004. O. fragrans var. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. However, I can now say that yes, variegated forms do exist. Today, a specimen can be found in the more clement surroundings of the temperate house at Kew. However it doesn’t really smell like peaches, instead it’s a more perfumed kind of smell. Whilst not sophisticated, the scent is light and youthful, reminiscent of the fragrance used in apricot and peach-scented cosmetics. The most impressive tree that I’ve seen up close was the stately specimen in the landscape of Linggu Temple, Nanjing city, Jiangsu province and this dense-foliaged giant is over 20’ tall, sixty inches in circumference and sports a crown diameter of 25’. Chinese Name: 驴打滚 lǘ dǎ gǔn Flavor: sweet and tender Cook Method: steam This is one of best local food in Beijing and a classic dessert. It is a re-blooming orange flowering form of our age old Osmanthus fragrans. The leaves are green to slightly silvered and the flowers white, cream or pale yellow and insignificant – similar in some ways to Elaeagnus ‘Quicksilver’ . Although it takes many years to produce a saleable specimen, he looks at this as a kind of Chinese retirement plan! Oregon State Univ. Paramount Plants are offering 3m tall bushes for £195 (I could be sorely tempted but the delivery cost would be an additional £95) and Chiltern Seeds are offering a packet of seeds for £2.99. Osmanthus fragrans ‘Zhusha Dangui’ is more orange than red? Hello, Nice to see this, is this available anywhere else as Burncoose nursery do not have it in stock? Protective fences mark their importance. However, it is always better to consult your doctor first if you want to drink it during pregnancy. It is believed in traditional Chinese medicine that osmanthus … Osmanthus Flower Yams Read More » Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. In the UK, sweet olive is considered slightly tender, tolerating short spells below 0°C but preferring temperatures a little more on the balmy side. Osmanthus fragrans (photo Apalachee Hills landscape). I think Chicago would be too chilly for sweet olives, but in Alabama it would be worth try. Osmanthus fragrans is associated with a number of Lunar legends in China, which makes it symbolic at the time of the Chinese Moon Festival which is held in September under the symbol of Osmanthus Flower and is also called Osmanthus Festival. In a carnival-like atmosphere, Chinese citizens flock to sweet olive festivals to bask in the fragrance and glory of the plant. For that to happen there will have to be cooperation, marketing and promotion. Over many years, I’ve been working in southeastern China on various projects. I learned that Mr. Wang must graft these onto older trees to get them to grow. This clone is now at SFA and while it grows ever so slowly, it’s alive and well. Family: Oleaceae. This traditional Chinese garden was established at Cornwall Park in 1996 to commemorate Hastings' 15th anniversary of our sister city relationship with Guilin. Chinese Zodiac Folklore S19; Wedding Folklore S19; Fall 2018. Oregon State Univ. We visited one nursery near Guangzhou that produces 1.5 million cutting grown plants per year! Aha, so that’s why 5-star hotels always smell so good. It would be frustrating without you! While most Chinese nursery plants are destined for the China marketplace, which is huge, there is growing interest in exporting new cultivars and plants to the international market. Has a neutral, gentle personality and always speaks frankly about anything. The plant responsible for this fruity scent is Osmanthus fragrans, known locally as guìhuā (桂花) and in the UK as sweet or fragrant olive. It’s very floriferous, white flowered, and is known to bloom quickly in the nursery container and over many months. The most exciting recent introduction into the USA is ‘Fudingzhu’, or more popularly known as ‘Nanjing Beauty’. Initiation Rituals; Proverbs; Gestures; Superstitions; Tongue Twisters; Jokes; Winter 2018. The flowers, in Chinese guì huā 桂花 (literally translated as ‘cinnamon flower’), can be used to make teas (guì huā chá 桂花茶), jams, soups, liqueurs, deserts, confectionery and medicines – a little like our own delicate elderflowers. For those who, like me, enjoy a bit of latin, the name osmanthus is derived from the Greek ‘osma’, meaning fragrant, and ‘anthos’, meaning flower. It is ideal for tea lovers that prefer a fresh, green oolong quality and refined, floral balance to the brew. Fortunately, with the help of my friends across the South, I managed a talk that acquainted our hosts with the plant in the USA, the dozen or so varieties available, its production in the nursery industry, and its use in southern landscapes. Chinese Mid Autumn Festival 中秋節 is coming around the corner! 16. The flowering of sweet olive is much celebrated in China, with Hangzhou and Suzhou selecting it as their city flower. It’s forty feet in height and this mystical tree was planted by the Xiaohe himself, the Minister of the Han Dynasty. There are now over 157 varieties of sweet olive in China divided into four main groups: Fragrans, Latifolius, Thunbergii, and Aurantiacus. All meanings: Cassia-bark tree; Chinese cinnamon; sweet osmanthus; bay tree. Cultivars have been selected for flower size, characteristics of the flower, abundance of flowers, time of bloom, tree form and habit, bark, branch, leaf, pedicel, and fruit. Knowing my interest in the species, my hosts made arrangements for me to visit Mr. Wang who is a carpenter by trade, but owns a small specialty nursery as a side business. Osmanthus flowers fall on the moon, and the heavenly fragrance spreads beyond the clouds. I look forward to returning to Hangzhou again next year to experience this scent again, and perhaps track down a pot of osmanthus jam. Dirr lists nine varieties, but there are others and none have taken the trade by storm. However, it’s not often one steps out of a car onto the street in China to be greeted by a similar olfactory experience. The flowers’ scent is especially powerful in the evening, so plant close to doors, windows and terraces to get the best from them in late summer and autumn. Bean Paste Cake (Liang Gao) (凉糕) Bean Paste Cake is a traditional Han desert popular in Beijing … That sounds like fun Sandy. Osmanthus: from Greek osme, fragrance, and anthos, flowers. This Chinese cultivar has some of the largest and most fragrant flowers of this species. campus: south (west) Milam. Osmanthus fragrans var. Hi Ching. Unfortunately, the blooms only last a few days but you can spend the next twelve months in high anticipation. Cute rabbits picnicking under the moonlight with osmanthus flowers, translation: Mid-Autumn Festival, 15th August Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. There are numerous varieties in China and most have yet to find their way into commerce there or anywhere in the world. There’s another species, O. yunnanensis, that is rarely encountered and we are proud to have a large specimen in the Ruby Mize Garden. Change ). China has applied to the International Horticulture Society to be the official International Registry for the genus and this certainly makes sense. Osmanthus Flower Jelly 桂花糕 By Ellen L. Published: 2017-09-18. I am in Zone 5 so you are right, it would not work here. 1784; O.ovalis Miquel; Osmanthus longibracteatus H. T. Chang; O.macrocarpus P. Y. Bai.. He will grow these into a big ball and retrieve a very high price for the ultimate specimen. I am a tiny bit jealous!
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