The conversation in this part of the book revolves around the four types of government, which are tyranny, which is driven by unlawfulness; oligarchy, which is driven by the required pursuits of man; democracy, which is predicated by the unneeded desires of man; and timocracy, which is associated with honor. Plato’s Republic is an example of the second; the Principia Ethica (1903) of G.E. They will give out positions of power without any attention to who is the best for the role. They must first prove the goodness of justice then they can go back and disprove those stories. The first is the kind of good we desire for it’s own sake, not just for its consequences. His idea is to do away with laws and morality. This conversation evolves into one about the education of the Guardians by elder men in the city, and the group argues about what Guardians must be taught to want to protect a city. Later, wearing the ring, he is waiting with the other shepherds to make his monthly report to the King. Ready to call it a night, they're intercepted by a whole gang of their acquaintances, who eventually convince them to come hang out at Polemarchus's house and have a nice, long chat. In the end of book one, the group is no closer to a true definition of justice and the importance of justice has been weakly argued. Perictione, his mother, was related to the 6th century BC lawmaker, Solon.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,600],'booksummary_net-mobile-leaderboard-1','ezslot_20',127,'0','0'])); When Plato was a child his father died and his mother married Pyrilampes who was a collegue of the statesman Pericles. Socrates counters that all a city needs to be just is a Ruler who is also a philosopher or a philosopher King, being that they are of the right mind and soul, always searching for truth. In his viewpoint, laws are something people follow so they can reap the rewards of good behavior, or the fear the punishments of not following rules. I. He suddenly realizes that the shadows that he has taken to be the only reality for his entire life are not only a pale reflection of the statues. Socrates’s friends agree that if we could be sure that the philosophers were virtuous, or, at the very least, not below others in their virtue, it would be sure that they were the ones best tailored for ruling. They want some further explanation on the sharing of wives and children by the guardians. Socrates states that tyranny is created by the criminal aspects of the human soul, which are present in everyone. Justice requires honesty and following the laws, with no exceptions. Education alone brought the prisoner (or the philosopher) along the stages of the divided line and into the Form of the Good. Heroes must be courageous in the face of danger even though they are afraid. Glaucon then contends that the unjust man is rewarded with wealth and the completely just man is usually scorned. These prisoners are meant to represent imagination which is the lowest stage on the line. Plato uses the Platonic method to ask questions that debunk old ideas and replace them with new, less traditional ways of thinking. Those patients should be left to die naturally. The Republic” is quite possibly one of the ten most influential philosophical works in human history. He goes from feast to feast, woman to woman with no thought for anything else. “The Republic” by Plato, opens with his teacher, Socrates returning home accompanied by one of Plato’s brothers, Glaucon. Suppose a madman had his weapon confiscated. He is ruled by shamelessness and lack of moderation. Most people do not realize that there is any kind of real knowledge to be had but instead most use tricks and clever chicanery to get ahead. It would also be important to find a balance between the physical training and the training in music and poetry. The Republic Summary December 16, 2016 November 21, 2020 Niklas Goeke Culture , History , Philosophy , Politics , Society 1-Sentence-Summary: The Republic is one of the most important works about philosophy and politics in history, written by Plato, one of Socrates students in ancient Greece, as a dialogue about justice and political systems.
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